Policy paper "War, integration, and the Black Sea factor: underestimated opportunities" (March 2024)

April 19, 2024


Viktor Zamiatin
, director of political and legal programmes at Razumkov Centre

Vasyl Yurchyshyn, director of economic programmes at Razumkov Centre

The full-scale phase of the war with Russia had a significant impact on the development of both the domestic and foreign policy of Ukraine. In particular, after the beginning of the full-scale invasion, the path of European and Euro-Atlantic integration in a broader sense (not only in the form of formal accession to the European Union and NATO) began to be seen by Ukrainian society as the only way of further civilizational development. This is obviously connected with expectations of support in the fight against the enemy, as well as hopes for post-war recovery, achievement of macroeconomic stability, competitiveness of the national economy and significant improvement in the well-being of citizens.

It is clear that Ukraine will not join the "European club" automatically. Moreover, as of today, the countries that have already become the EU members and are protected with the NATO umbrella still stay in a different paradigm of the world outlook, mostly have slightly different assessments of the situation and its further development, not to mention that none of them is ready for direct military confrontation, and therefore will do everything possible to avoid such a threat.

Therefore, it is extremely important to establish a true partnership built on mutual interests with those countries that have joined the pan-European integration processes relatively recently, such as Bulgaria, Romania (2007), and Croatia (2013).

This publication focuses on the peculiarities of the political and economic processes in Bulgaria and Romania — two countries that have already gone through a rather controversial path to the European Union, and with which Ukraine's relations have significantly improved in recent years.

See more in a pdf file in the Ukrainian language.


Viktor Zamiatin

Director of Political and Legal Programmes

Born on January 13, 1966


Moscow State University, Faculty of History

Traineeships in France and Israel


Journalist in the "Kommersant" and "Day" newspapers

2007 – 2010 — Senior Consultant, Head of the Department at the Presidential Secretariat of Ukraine

December 2012 – June 2020 —Leading Expert of Political and Legal Programmes at the Razumkov Centre

June 2020 — ongoing Director of Political and Legal Programmes


Honored Journalist of Ukraine

Civil Servant of the Third Rank

Language skills: English, Serbian, Croatian, French and Polish

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