Why do we have more power outages?

January 12, 2023

Currently, the main task of energy workers is to preserve the integrity of the United Energy System of Ukraine. So, the issue of disconnections should be viewed through this prism.

During the New Year and Christmas holidays, the energy workers managed to provide Ukrainians with electricity without blackouts. This holiday miracle was made possible by warm weather, industry restrictions and the titanic efforts of energy workers. Unfortunately, we see scheduled power outages again throughout Ukraine, and in some areas — even emergency outages.

Why does this happen? First of all, one should understand that the situation in the energy system remains difficult and will be such at least until the end of the heating season, possibly, until summer. The destructions are very significant, and it will take years to fully restore the power system, only under the conditions of cessation of hostilities.

In addition, frost has returned to Ukraine. Because of this, electricity consumption goes up, as people turn on heaters and, as a result, the deficit in the power system increases. In this regard, energy experts ask Ukrainians not to turn on consuming electrical appliances simultaneously with heaters.

Also, in the conditions of war, it is very important to keep the Ukrainian economy afloat, since the lion's share of tax revenues is spent on the Armed Forces. That is why restrictions on industry were lifted, and it returns to normal work. In addition, one nuclear unit was stopped for planned maintenance in accordance with the licensing conditions, which led to the loss of 1 GW in the system. This factor is among the main ones that contributed to the shortage of electrical energy.

Weathermen predict that at the end of the week it will be relatively warm in Ukraine again, so I hope that in the near future the energy experts will be able to reduce the time of power outages. Of course, if there are no new shellings.


Volodymyr Omelchenko

Director, Energy Programmes

Born in 1967 in Kyiv

Education: Kyiv Politechnic Institute, Department of Chemical Engineering (1992)

Author of over 50 scientific works and op-ed publications. Took part in development and implementation of international energy projects and scientific research in international energy policy


1992 – 1996 — worked in different positions in the mechanical engineering industry

1997 – 1998 — Head Expert of the Division of Oil, Gas and Petroleum Refining Industry of the Ministry of Economy of Ukraine

1998 – 2003 — Naftohaz Ukrayiny National Joint-Stock Company, in Charge of Oil Transportation Section

2004 – 2007 — Chief Consultant at the National Institute of International Security Problems of Ukraine’s NSDC

since February, 2007 — Leading Expert, Razumkov Centre. Director of Energy Programmes since 2013

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