Tightening the belt: how Russia is using grain as a weapon

And how to resist the aggressor’s actions

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia persistently tried to restore its power in the international arena, being quite creative in using hybrid warfare. For a long time, one tool of such a war included energy resources, which Russia used to gain geopolitical advantage, especially in relations with the EU. At the same time, Russia did not waste opportunities to use its leverage on other markets, in particular agricultural products, which today have become a political battleground. Kateryna Markevych, a leading expert of the Razumkov Centre’s Economic and Social Programmes, told Mind what was happening there and how Russia used grain as a weapon.

Russia's leading position in the world grain market (in 2001 Russia accounted for only 1% of world wheat exports, and already 18% in 2021) provided an opportunity for Russia to use it as a dangerous tool of international influence.

Kateryna Markevych

Leading Expert, Economic and Social Programmes

Born in 1989 in Dnіpro


Dnipro National University named after Oles Honchar (specialty: International Economic Relations, Bachelor's Degree, 2010)

T. Shevchenko Kyiv National University, Institute of International Relations (specialty: International Economic Relations, Master's Degree, 2012)

External PhD student of the National Institute for Strategic Studies. Subject of dissertation is "FDI influence on the economic security of Ukraine"


2009 — Land Commission and Commission on Environment of the Dnipropetrovsk City Council

2009 — International Business Department of the Dnipropetrovsk Regional Public Administration

2011 — Secretariat of the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the Verkhovna Rada

2012 — Department for Facilitation of Investment Activity and Regional Development of the Ukrainian Chamber of Commerce and Industry.


2012 — Consulting Company "H-aRt"; Public JSC "Ukrnaftokhimproekt" (engineering company)

October 2012 – March 2014 — Junior Expert of Economic Programmes of the Ukrainian Centre for Economic and Political Studies named after O. Razumkov

Since March 2014 — Expert of Economic Programmes of the Ukrainian Centre for Economic and Political Studies named after O. Razumkov

Field of Research: international investing activity, foreign economic policy, economic security, FDI in MSE

Author of scientific articles and a participant of more than thirty scientific conferences devoted to investment activities of the Ukrainian economy, foreign investment activity in the countries BRICS group

(044) 201-11-98