Dear guests. How Ukrainians who fled the war work for the Polish economy

July 12, 2022

Over a million Ukrainians hiding from the war found refuge in Poland. There they received unprecedented support from the local authorities and population, and paid back in their own coin. Experts call "phenomenal" and "unbelievable" the Ukrainian ability settle down in a new place and immediately get down to work. "Mostly women with children have left, but mainly of the middle class, they are young, ambitious, many of them had their own businesses," says Olga Pyshchulina, a social and gender expert from Razumkov Centre.

"Children went to school, they are adapting, changing their identity, entering universities and will not return to Ukraine in the near future," she adds.

Most Ukrainians declare that they will return to Ukraine as soon as the war is over and the danger disappears. The share of those who want to stay in Poland forever, according to scholars, makes about 25% of those who left.

But in the long run, if the war goes on and even more Ukrainians want to stay there permanently, such a number of young people and children will already have serious consequences for the demographic situation in Poland, with its ageing population and outflow of young people to wealthier European countries.

"Even in the short term, ambitious young people who stay there will definitely give a boost to the Polish economy," adds Pyschulina.


Olga Pyshchulina

Leading Expert, Social and Gender Programmes

Born in 1966 in Kharkiv


School of Economics at the Kharkiv State (National) University (Kharkiv, Ukraine) (1989)

Summer Course on Human Rights, School of Human Rights Research, Faculty of Law, Utrecht University, The Netherlands (2001)

PhD in sociology (Candidate of Social Science) (1997), Honorable Economics of Ukraine (2012). I am an author more than 90 publishing and a Civil Servant of 3rd rank

Research Interests:

Structural deformation of the economic and social policy; Main problems with the national models of social policy implementation; The issue of income polarization; Ineffectiveness of state transfer policy; Failure of pension reform in Ukraine; Social protection programmers in Ukraine; Regulations of labour market; Gender issues

Experience as a civil servant in the Government’s employ:

Civil Servant of 3d rank. Total experience 12 years. The Head of Social Policy Department (since 2010), Principal Consultant of the Civil Society and Social Relationships Department (since 2003) National Institute for Strategic Studies

Experience as a Research Fellow:

Senior Researcher (1995–2001) , Researcher (1989–1995) School of Sociology, Karazin Kharkiv National University, School of Sociology (1997–2003)

Teaching Experience:

Associate Professor, School of Sociology, Karazin Kharkiv National University, School of Sociology (1997–2003)

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